A stroke, often called a "brain attack," is a medical emergency caused by either too little or two much blood flow to the brain. It's the third-leading cause of death in the United States and the second most common cause of neurological disability after Alzheimer's disease. Strokes are serious neurological emergencies that need to be treated immediately.
Microsurgery is surgery that is performed on very small structures, such as blood vessels and nerves, with specialized instruments under a microscope.
Endoscopic surgery uses scopes going through small incisions or natural body openings in order to diagnose and treat disease. Another popular term is minimally invasive surgery (MIS), which emphasizes that diagnosis and treatments can be done with reduced body cavity invasion.
Thrombolysis also known as thrombolytic therapy, is a treatment to dissolve dangerous clots in blood vessels, improve blood flow, and prevent damage to tissues and organs. Thrombolysis may involve the injection of clot-busting drugs through an intravenous (IV) line or through a long catheter that delivers drugs directly to the site of the blockage. It also may involve the use of a long catheter with a mechanical device attached to the tip that either removes the clot or physically breaks it up.
Thrombolysis is often used as an emergency treatment to dissolve blood clots that form in arteries feeding the heart and brain -- the main cause of heart attacks and ischemic strokes -- and in the arteries of the lungs (acute pulmonary embolism).
Veins that cause deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or clots in the legs, pelvic area, and upper extremities; if left untreated, pieces of the clot can break off and travel to an artery in the lungs, resulting in an acute pulmonary embolism.
If a blood clot is determined to be life threatening, thrombolysis may be an option if initiated as soon as possible -- ideally within one to two hours -- after the onset of symptoms of a heart attack, stroke, or pulmonary embolism (once a diagnosis has been made).
If you or someone you care about is suffering from lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD), there is a minimally invasive procedure called endovascular revascularization that can relieve your symptoms within 1 to 2 hours.
Performed under local anesthesia, Jefferson vascular and endovascular surgeons perform endovascular revascularization to clear blockages in the arteries and remove the plaque that is causing decreased blood flow. This alleviates the pain and stops the tissue decay/loss associated with lower extremity PAD. This procedure is suitable for nonsurgical candidates, is faster than a bypass and results in faster recovery, with most people feeling better instantly and able to resume all normal activities within a few days.